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History of Paralympics

  • 1948
    On July 28th, 1948, the opening ceremony of the I. Olympic Summer Games after World War II takes place in London/United Kingdom. In Aylesbury (close to London) the Stoke Mandeville Games take place on the same day. Sir Ludwig Guttmann decides to develop those games into internationally recognized sporting competitions for athletes with a disability on the same level as Olympic Games.
  • 1960
    The I. Paralympic Games take place in Rome/Italy. 400 Athletes representing 21 nations (initially only wheelchair-athletes) participate.
  • 1964
    335 athletes compete at the II. Paralympics in Tokyo/Japan.
  • 1968
    Host city of the III. Paralympics is Tel Aviv/Israel. 750 athletes and 29 nations take part in the competitions.
  • 1972
    At the IV. Paralympics in Heidelberg/Germany athlete participation for the first time exceeds  1000.
  • 1976
    For the first time amputees and visually impaired athletes take part in Toronto/Canada at the V. Paralympics. 1.600 athletes from 42 nations compete. Another premiere takes place in Ornsköldsvik/Sweden: the I.Paralympic Winter Games. 250 skiers from 14 nations battle for gold.
  • 1980
    Arnheim/Netherlands hosts the VI. Paralympics and a new record of participating athletes is announced: 2.500 athletes and 42 nations participate in the games. The II. Winter Games take place in Geilo/Norway. 18 countries send 350 participants.
  • 1984
    After Yugoslavia is forced to cancel, Austria steps in to host the Winter Games in Innsbruck. New standards are set in skiing for athletes with a disability. The Summer Games take place in Long Island/USA without wheelchair athletes. They compete for medals Stoke, Mandeville/Great Britain.
  • 1988
    The Winter Paralympics are held in Innsbruck/Austria for the 2nd time in a row. 397 athletes and 22 nations compete. In Seoul/Korea the Summer Paralympics take place at the same facilities as the Olympic Games with 3.053 athletes from 61 countries.
  • 1992
    Tignes/France hosts the V. Winter Games. Barcelona/Spain organises exciting  IX. Summer Paralympics for 3.020 athletes and an enthusiastic crowd of spectators.
  • 1994
    Lillehammer/Norway sets new standards at Winter Paralympics. 1.000 athletes and 31 nations participate.
  • 1996
    Atlanta/USA boasts a record-setting number of participants at the X. Summer Games. 3.195 athletes arrive to compete.
  • 1998
    Nagano/Japan hosts the VII. Paralympic Winter Games.
  • 2000
    Sydney/Australia shows the world just what is possible in terms of organization and execution of major events. 4.000 athletes from 125 countries compete before a crowd of 650.000 spectators for Paralympic Gold.<
  • 2001
    An agreement is signed between the International Olympic Comite/IOC and the International Paralympic Committee/IPC, which states that the Paralympic Games are to be held always two weeks following the close of the Olympic Games, the Paralympic Games take place at the same venues as the Olympic Games and the bid application must be for the Olympic AND the Paralympic Games. 
  • 2002
    Salt Lake City/USA is host city of the VIII. Winter Paralympics. 500 athletes from 35 countries meet to determine who will be champion of the champions.
  • 2004
    4.000 athletes and 136 nations start in 19 sports at the XII. Summer Paralympics in Athens/Greece- birthplace of the Olympic movement. 

    Athens 2004 also set a milestone in gender equality. For the first time, the Austrian Olympic Committee (ÖOC) and the Austrian Paralympic Committee (ÖPC) contributed the same look to the games.
  • 2006
    During the IX. Winter Paralympics in Torino/Italy 477 athletes from 39 countries compete for a total of 70 medals. The media coverage is assured by more than 1.000 representatvies.
  • 2007
    Vienna is elected as the new permanent Headquarters of the Europaen Paralympic Committees/EPC by the General Assembly in September 2007 in Heraklion/GRE.
  • 2008
    The XIII. Summer Paralympics took place from September 06 to 17, 2008 in Beijing/China. More than 4.000 athletes competed in 19 sports. 

    Customs authorities started equality between Olympic and Paralympic athletes concerning to education and days off for training and competition.
  • 2010
    The X. Winter Paralympics took place in Vancouver/Canada from March 12 to 21, 2010. More than 600 athletes from more than 40 nations participated.
  • 2012
    The "Österreichische Sporthilfe" took a historic step and started a significance of equality between Olympic and Paralympic athletes in elite sport funding by supporting disabled athletes financially for the first time. 

    The XIV. Summer Paralympics took place London/Great Britain from August 29 to September 09, 2012. 4.237 athletes from 164 nations participated.
  • 2014
    The "Projekt RIO 2016" is founded by the Austrian Ministry of Sports. For the first time the Olympic and the Paralympic athletes are equally promoted and supported - athletically and financially - during their preparations for the next Olympic and Paralympic Games in RIO de Janeiro.

    The XI. Winter Paralympics with 550 athletes from 45 nations took place in Sochi/Russia from March 7 to March 16, 2014.
  • 2016
    The XV. Summer Paralympics took place in Rio/Brasil from 7th - 18th September 2016. 4.316 athletes from 159 nations competed in 22 sports. 

    Paralympic athletes start training at the military sport centres after an agreement made by the Austrian Federal Ministry for National Defence and Sport and the Austrian Paralympic Committee.
  • 2018
    The XII. Winter Paralympics took place in Pyeongchang/South Korea. 564 athletes competed in 80 competitions for medals. The Paralympic Team Austria was represented with 15 athletes in the disciplines Alpine Skiing, Snowboarding and Nordic Skiing in PyeongChang and won 2 silver medals and 5 bronze medals. 

    ÖPC President Maria Rauch-Kallat was accepted as the new Vice President of the Austrian Sport Aid Board.
  • 2020
    The XVI. Summer Paralympics will be held from August 25 to September 6, 2020 in Tokyo, Japan. 4,400 athletes are expected to compete for medals in 540 competitions. 22 sports are on the program, with two of them celebrating their Paralympic debut. Badminton and Taekwondo will replace Football 7-a-side and Sailing.
  • 2022
    The XIII. Winter Paralympics will be held in Beijing/China 2022. A maximum of 748 athletes will compete in Beijing in 2022 and fight in 82 competitions and 6 different sports for the Paralympic medals. The following sports will be represented in Beijing 2022: Alpine-Skiing, Biathlon, Cross-Country-Skiing, Ice-Hockey, Snowboard and Wheelchair-Curling. 

    There will also be two updates compared to the Paralympics in PyeongChang 2018. For the first time ever, the Ice-Hockey-Teams have the option to include an additional female player in their roster of 17 players. However in Wheelchair-Curling, each team must have a minimum of one female player in the team.

 

 

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